Managing access to and use of data produced in the context of research activities to ensure their preservation is crucial. The need to ensure the management of scientific data is seen by all who produce and finance science as fundamental.
In the management of scientific data we are faced with several steps - from planning and data management, data creation, definition of metadata, access and use, storage and backup, to the sharing and preservation (and reuse) of scientific data.
Some institutions recommend the existence of specific repositories for the sharing of scientific data (GenBank case), others lodge scientific data in freely accessible repositories.
For some good practices in this context, see:
Research management data policy, The University of Edinburgh
Policy on the management of research data and records, University of Oxford
Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy
Data management services, Stanford University Libraries